TalkOrigins Archive

Until the 18th century, this question was principally in the hands of theologians, who based their calculations on biblical chronology. Bishop James Ussher, a 17th-century Irish cleric, for example, calculated that creation occurred in B. There were many other such estimates, but they invariably resulted in an Earth only a few thousand years old. By the late 18th century, some naturalists had begun to look closely at the ancient rocks of the Earth. They observed that every rock formation, no matter how ancient, appeared to be formed from still older rocks. Comparing these rocks with the products of present erosion, sedimentation, and earth movements, these earliest geologists soon concluded that the time required to form and sculpt the present Earth was immeasurably longer than had previously been thought. By the mid- to late s, geologists, physicists, and chemists were searching for ways to quantify the age of the Earth. Lord Kelvin and Clarence King calculated the length of time required for the Earth to cool from a white-hot liquid state; they eventually settled on 24 million years. There were other estimates but the calculations were hotly disputed because they all were obviously flawed by uncertainties in both the initial assumptions and the data.

Young Earth Creation Science Argument Index

Scientists use certain elements present in a certain abundance to calculate an approximate age for rocks. One of the decay ratios used is Uranium decaying through a series of alpha and beta decays to Lead. The number in superscript preceding the element name indicates the atomic mass, the sum of its protons and neutrons.

To explain those rules, I’ll need to talk about some basic atomic physics. There are 90 That’s the first axiom of radiometric dating techniques: the half-life of a given nuclide is a constant. One is that the thing being dated is organic in origin.

Chapter Summaries. The Fact of Evolution? The fossil record is often cited as proof that Evolution has drastically changed species over very long time intervals. The fossil record provides snapshots of the past that, when assembled, illustrate a panorama of evolutionary change over the past four billion years. The picture may be smudged in places and may have bits missing, but fossil evidence clearly shows that life is old and has changed over time. Although at one time, paleontologists seemed willing to sweep massive gaps in the fossil record under the rug, this is no longer the case.

For example, this quote from the Harvard University Paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould has been very widely distributed:. T he extreme rarity of transitional forms in the fossil record persists as the trade secret of paleontology. This leads one to wonder what the truth of the fossil record is. It is based on the concept that speciation happens in isolated population groups where evolutionary change happens in bursts rather than in the gradual and continuous manner suggested by Darwin.

Cliches and Expressions of origin

Art for me is many things. In our society, particularly in current times, I believe that art is an affirmation of our humanity; a symbol of perseverance in the face of adversity. It is the light at the end of a tunnel; a much-needed light to counteract the darkness that has engulfed many a homeland. One can control the art but not the reaction to it. Both reactions, in my view, pave the way for progress as one is made to think and question. The materials we choose, the methods of production and the sources of art produced all reflect the interests that commands our attention.

TalkOrigins archive (many authors) Online articles ET (e.g., regarding radiometric dating). whole theory or method (e.g., radiometric dating, Swenson. ).

An Essay on Radiometric Dating. Radiometric dating methods are the strongest direct evidence that geologists have for the age of the Earth. All these methods point to Earth being very, very old — several billions of years old. Young-Earth creationists — that is, creationists who believe that Earth is no more than 10, years old — are fond of attacking radiometric dating methods as being full of inaccuracies and riddled with sources of error. When I first became interested in the creation-evolution debate, in late , I looked around for sources that clearly and simply explained what radiometric dating is and why young-Earth creationists are driven to discredit it.

I found several good sources, but none that seemed both complete enough to stand alone and simple enough for a non-geologist to understand them. Thus this essay, which is my attempt at producing such a source. Theory of Radiometric Dating. Common Methods of Radiometric Dating.

The Age of the Earth

Launch map. Output includes the KY county and KY , quadrangle where the coordinate is located and links to map views. Launch tool. Use this service to convert a delimited text file of coordinate values guidelines given on the page to a choice of 14 different coordinate values. Output is the same text file with the converted values and the KY county and KY , quadrangle where a coordinate is located.

postmonth/febhtml. ”Phylogenetic methods come of age: testing hypotheses in an evolutionary context”. Claims, Claim CD Radiometric Dating” http: //​.html.

By Kirk Reynolds. The global flood as described in the Bible has been attacked by Christians as well as non-Christians. Those Christians who do not hold to a literal reading of Genesis are willing to believe in the old age of the earth as proposed by evolution. This belief states that the universe came into existence approximately 12 billion years ago through the Big Bang. There are several theories of creation based on this evolutionary timeline, such as Progressive Creation, Gap Theory, Framework Hypothesis, and Theistic Evolution.

None of these theories allow for the literal six-day creation as plainly contained in the Bible. In the case of Progressive Creation, it is believed that each day represents eons of time. The Framework Hypothesis mixes literal creation days with long periods of time.

Argumentation and fallacies in creationist writings against evolutionary theory

The Rise of Mammals This diagram shows the enormous increase in the variety of mammals since the Cretaceous period. Biology and Evolutionary Theory This collection of articles and essays offers scientific responses to the many questions and rebuttals that have appeared in Talk. Origins, a Usenet newsgroup devoted to the discussion and debate of biological and physical origins. Hosted by Talk. The page is hosted by a knowledgeable “guide,” who screens content available on the Web for relevance and quality.

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They have their work cut out for them, however, because radiocarbon (C) dating is one of the most reliable of all the radiometric dating methods. This article.

Antievolutionists often express outrage over alleged incivility from those who oppose their efforts to evade the establishment clause of the First Amendment. But they have no difficulty in dishing out the abuse themselves. Here is a sample from the Invidious Comparisons thread that documents egregious behavior on the part of the religious antievolution advocates. These critics include embryologists, paleontologists, biochemists, molecular biologists, medical doctors, philosophers, and even lawyers.

Unfortunately, the North American science-and-religion establishment has largely turned a deaf ear to these critics, preferring instead to abandon classical theology and embrace metaphysical materialism and moral relativism. But I see the situation as analogous to the last years of Soviet communism.

Evidence against a recent creation

Voting for the RationalMedia Foundation board of trustees election is underway! The evidence against a recent creation is overwhelming. This article collects evidences that place a lower limit on the age of the Universe beyond the 6, to 10, years asserted by most Young Earth creationists YECs and the literalist Ussher chronology.

All of this evidence supports deep time : the idea, considered credible by scientists since the early s, that the Earth and the Universe is millions [note 1] or billions of years old. Modern science accepts that the Earth is about 4.

This is not so with websites such as the three main assumptions involved in all radiometric or radioisotope dating methods.

Geologic Time Scale! An annotated link list. Early Geologists Tackle History’s Mysteries. Time and Geology. Life on Earth: What do Fossils Reveal? Early Paleozoic Events. Life of the Paleozoic Part 1. Life of the Paleozoic Part 2. Lecture notes, Powerpoint presentations. A library of talks on earth sciences and evolutionary topics that may be of interest to earth sciences and education professionals as a basis for engagement and outreach shows in schools.

Go to: The History of Life. Powerpoint Presentation. Geological Time.

Mona Khazindar and Maysaloun Faraj talk origins, politics and symbolism

The purpose of this index is to list all the claims of young earth creationists, and provide rebuttals to those claims. Although the idea for this index came from the TalkOrigins. Many arguments will have additional arguments against the young earth claims which do not appear on the Talk Origins site. In addition, some arguments used on the Talk Origins site will not be used here. This list will also add many arguments not addressed in the Talk Origins listings, and links will be added to other websites of interest, giving the reader more opportunity to research the topic.

The list will grow as new arguments are indexed and addressed, thus it is a fluid document.

when radiometric dating methods are applied to rocks of KNOWN (historically “Harlequin”, a regular poster to the NAiG board, reported that someone in the s newsgroup had observed an error in the feedback from Dr Sarfati.

Roger C. Wiens has a PhD in Physics, with a minor in Geology. His PhD thesis was on isotope ratios in meteorites, including surface exposure dating. First edition ; revised version Radiometric dating–the process of determining the age of rocks from the decay of their radioactive elements–has been in widespread use for over half a century. There are over forty such techniques, each using a different radioactive element or a different way of measuring them.

It has become increasingly clear that these radiometric dating techniques agree with each other and as a whole, present a coherent picture in which the Earth was created a very long time ago. Further evidence comes from the complete agreement between radiometric dates and other dating methods such as counting tree rings or glacier ice core layers. Many Christians have been led to distrust radiometric dating and are completely unaware of the great number of laboratory measurements that have shown these methods to be consistent.

Age of the Universe

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Response to Some Claims in ‘Fallacies in Evolution’.

Cohen suggests the origin dates back to s New of babble meaning unintelligible speech is from the ancient membership voting method (which Brewer says in is.

Judson and S. Roger C. Also a few entries from including Wesley R. Elsberry’s talk. Absolute age The age of an object as established by some precise dating method, such as radiometric dating compare with relative age. Fred Bervoets – Dinodata glossary. Absolute dating A means of estimating the age of rocks with some degree of accuracy using measurements of radioactive isotopes.

Alpha decay The process of radioactive decay in which the nucleus of an atom emits an alpha particle. The new atom’s atomic number is lower by two and its atomic mass number is reduced by four. Alpha particle A particle consisting of two protons and two neutrons, produced during alpha decay.

The Origin Of Mankind, Logical Fallacies. How Do You Determine What Is True, DNA Testing.

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